G E N E R A L   S C I E N C E

 

v     Ad reformandum universitatem. Theoretical Project of Unified Science

for Reforming Modern University Studies. 2004, ISBN 80-86580-01-6, 127p.

(An analysis of postmodernist cultural thought and the deep methodological crisis of humanities as a result of a shock-wave of pseudo-scientific irrationalism).

 

HUMANITIES

 

v     The Post-modern Crisis of Humanities and Goals of their Recovery.

ISBN 80-86580-11-3  (The case of science against the post-modern wave of pseudoscientific irrationalism. An English version).

 

 

 

M A T H E M A T I C S

 

v     A Systematic Survey of Theoretical Mathematics. ISBN 80-86580-35-7.

 

 

LOGIC

 

v     Elements of Logic. ISBN 80-86580-19-9

 

 

 

LINGUISTICS

 

v     Historical Perspectives of English Studies in Czech Humanities: A Working

Programme of English Studies. Prague 2001, 105 pages, 21 tables,

3 supplements. ISBN 80-86580-02-4. (A survey of the origins of English

studies with an analysis of their present state and further perspectives.)

 

 

P O L I T I C A L   S C I E N C E S

 

v     Demotism: A Manifesto of the Democratic Left  for the 21st Century.       

An Itinerary through the Tunnel of Another Dark Age. ISBN 80-86580-10-5.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A N O T A T I O N S

 

Historical Perspectives of English Studies in Czech Humanities: A Working Programme of English Studies. Prague: Democritus Association 2001, 105 pages, 21 tables, 3 supplements. ISBN 80-86580-02-4.

     The booklet is an outline of current problems, issues and objectives in Modern English studies. From surveying their past it passes to discussing the present state and results in considering theoretical solutions for the prospective future. The first chapters review the history of English philology in Britain on chronological diagrams and statistic maps. Trends in philology are represented on the background of the cultural development in science, philosophy and literature. A similar but shorter statistic survey is added concerning of the development of Czech linguistics with a special focus on the Prague School and English studies in the Czech Republic. Both surveys contribute to clarifying theoretical positions from which we view linguistic problems. Moreover, they enrich our knowledge of trends in linguistic methodology and demonstrate principles of cultural periodicity in its development. The historical progress of English studies depicted on long-term chronological diagrams explains the growth of linguistic methodology as perpetual oscillation between the extremes of linguistic analogism and anomalism. They also reveal the whole spectrum of possible theoretical approaches and help us redefine their more permanent aspects that appear repeatedly in historical trends. This makes it possible to establish the firm principles of the theoretical methodology of linguistic sciences and set up a general systematic of linguistic opinions. Linguistic considerations are proclaimed to stand in a close relation to the historical pathways of scientific thought as a whole and to changing patterns of trends in philosophy and arts.

    The leaflet starts with discussing the starting-points, achievements, digressions and deadlocks of Modern English philology and their effects on the present state. It considers gaps in linguistic knowledge and suggests perspective solutions in acoustic phonetics, phonology, semantics and grammar. The results in acoustic phonetics lead to formulating a project of topological phonetics. Considerations on phonemic repertories lead to proclaiming the need of a sort of typological phonology cutting across the studies of all languages. The chapters on English semantics recommend a sort of componential calculus suitable for lexical analysis as well as syntactic description. A special chapter is devoted to the introduction of statistic approaches to literary history.

      The appropriate treatment of English phonetics, phonology, word formation and grammar requires a new approach acknowledging heterogeneous and hybrid components in the formal structure of Old and Modern English. Such typological approach may be based on ‘linguistic characterology’ (Mathesius 1928, Trnka 1925) focusing on the ethnic character of languages. Linguistic diachrony cannot be explained by ‘iron sound laws’ (Lautverschiebungen) but it should adopt Trubetzkoy’s (1929, 1939) Kettentheorie acknowledging Non-Indo-European substrata in the European and Germanic linguistic area. We give its adjusted newer version that might be called Transparenztheorie because it assumes that Indo-European families did not arise by splitting from the IE Ursprache but by absorbing the residual Mesolithic ethnic substrata (Madgalenian, Epi-Gravettian, Stroked Ware, Painted Ware, Bossed Ware, Combed Ware). After such absorption they began to show through and loom transparent in their Indo-European surrounding.

     The goals of English studies are revisited with the conclusion that no particular discoveries concerning specific issues can accelerate their progress without rebuilding thoroughly their outer shapes and without setting up the systematic foundations of linguistic sciences as a whole. Their progress is hindered by the absence, or insufficient constitution, of many facultative, interlinking and preconditioning theories (the general typology of human phonologies and grammatical structures, tenable accounts of human anthropogenesis, ethnogenesis and glottogenesis, systematic culturology, systematic logic and semantics etc.). Building such theories is unduly neglected despite the fact that there exists sufficient evidence for proposing their tenable, though incomplete and imperfect, shapes. Most natural sciences found their applied studies on partial and incomplete models of phylogenesis and humanities should follow their example. Such partial models fully suffice for the constitution of most disciplines of English philology as systematic sciences joined into one edifice sheltered by the roof of standard exact routines.

     Modern linguistics has not yet accomplished the goals of its own scientific constitution and has not carried out reforms that set up the stable foundations of modern natural sciences. Its still deals with secondary derived categories of mixed families (Nostratian, Indo-European, Common Romance, Common Germanic) without analysing them into the original primary elements that were identical to prehistoric tribal languages (Cimmerian, Pelasgic or Venetic proto-language) and represented pure unmixed types of phonology, word-formation, morphology and syntax. We need a new consistent typology of languages that would establish one-to-one correspondence between units of archaeology anthropology, ethnography and comparative linguistics.

   Revisiting and revising elementary categories is the most urgent goal in all fields of English and Germanic philology. Besides typological elucidation of the structural layout of English we need new formal approaches to its theoretical description. The final chapters of the working program are devoted to explaining a new model of algebraic calculus applied to English semantics. Its may be called notional componential semantics because it links word-formation with morphology and syntax. These two independent areas are the most urgent directions of research required for enhancing English studies and for their rebuilding as a systematic science and an applied research.

 

The full version of Historical Perspectives of English Studies in Czech Humanities may be read as a pdf-file on an Acrobat browser.

 

 

Postmoderní krize humanitních vìd a úkoly jejich obnovy. [The Post-Modern Crisis of Humanities and Perspectives of their Recovery.] Praha 2001, 96 pages, 30 tables, ISBN 80-86580-01-6.

    This publication is a theoretical analysis of postmodernist cultural thought and the upsurge of pseudoscientific irrationalism in modern humanities. It describes the deep methodological crisis of humanities as a result of a regressive development started by W. Dilthey’s Geisteswissenschaften, continued after the war in a more secular way by Soviet humanities, and completed by J. Derrida’s ‘deconstructed metaphysics’ announcing the coming of the Post-Modern Age. N. Berdyayev and C. Thurrow greeted this backward cultural process as a new revival of the Middle Age, while others speak about a return to Crusaders’ expeditions (Gwynne Dyer) and a new era of Romance Decadence  (M. C. Putna). The awakening of a sense of military adventures reminds them of New Feudalism (J. Keller) and a period of ‘new colonialism’ (W. Pfaff). This development fosters irrational tendencies in scientific thought and leads to the restoration of New Scholastics as a set of stale traditional dogmatic approaches to the issues of science.

     The growth of science in the Modern and the Post-Modern Age was interrupted by a period of Soviet Cultural Traditionalism that in no way overcame the crisis, it did not uproot the Neo-Thomist revival of hagiography and exegetics only conserved it them the dogmatic cult of national classics (Puškin, Jirásek) in a more secular form. The huge revival of the Western Catholic Integralism (Maurras, Barrès, Chesterton, Belloc) and Soviet Cultural Traditionalism (M. Lifshitz, Z. Nejedlý, L. Štoll) had a close parallel in the Third World and Islamic revivalism. Nietzsche, Heidegger and Derrida as three prophets of ‘deconstructed metaphysics’ have offered a secular alternative to religious scholastics. However, the secular tinge did not diminish the ferocity of western fundamentalism, its irrational attacks against science and humanism are not less severe than in Islamic theocratic regimes. 

    The publication shows the growth of modern philosophical and scientific thought on long-term historical diagram and reveals their cultural periodicity in history. It approaches postmodernist ideas critically as an impartial observer and represents them on the wide background of similar revivals of scholastics and metaphysics in the past. It outlines a general theory of esoteric, occult and paranormal sciences as a process of ‘Pythagoreisation’ turning scientific schools into religious sects. As societies with high criminality adopt ‘grey’, shadowy’, ‘dark’, ‘black’ and ‘brown economy’ so they necessarily adopt also ‘grey’, shadowy’, ‘dark’, ‘black’ and ‘brown science’ that serves commercial purposes and provides false deceptive solutions. As societies recover from cultural crises they overcome criminality by strict laws and manage to heal their system of education and academic studies. 

 

The full version of Postmoderní krize humanitních vìd a úkoly jejich obnovy may be read as a pdf-file on an Acrobat browser.

 

 

Ad reformandum universitatem, A Theoretical Project of Unified Science for Reforming Modern University Studies. 2003, 199 pages, 20 tables, 0 maps (to be published).

    A unique attempt to unify all sciences, to integrate them by one universal calculus and to give them one systematic taxonomy uniting their categories into one evolutionary phylogenesis. It continues in efforts of Wienerschule and Moritz Schlick’s project of Unified Science. The first step is uniting sciences into a few macro-sciences and coordinating their categories into one systematic. The further steps imply introducing standard methods of natural sciences, applying statistic methods and linking units with algebraic calculi.

   The first part is devoted to unifying and integrating anthropology, archaeology, ethnography and prehistoric glottology into one discipline called macroanthropology. The major argument is that these fields must have had similar ethnic categories, since they display only different aspects of the same peoples and should also have a comparable cultural morphology. We maintain that prehistoric, ancient and modern aboriginal cultures may be reclassified into a consistent systematic taxonomy if we abandon the traditional prejudices and shift the period of diversification from Völkerwanderung to earlier stages of prehistory. The Bronze Age was a period of tribal intermixing resulting in medieval and modern nations but pure unmixed tribes must be sought in earlier times. No progress can be made without a clear ethnic interpretation of the Palaeolithic archaeology.

    The second part is devoted to macrosociology comprising sociology, historiography, political sciences and the theory of law. These disciplines remain emptied of their inner content if separated from economics and its study of economic booms and crises. Such rises and declines in material activities determine also cultural periodicity in spiritual creativity, they coincide with structural changes in ideology, politics and religion. The road to devising a systematic taxonomy of social sciences was found in studying the regular periodic patterns of societies, states and political ideologies that repeat in waves as tides and ebbs and define dynamic categories of historical development. Once we get periodic table of cultural patterns, we may establish their systematic taxonomy and decompose all complex phenomena into pure elementary units exhibiting the regularity of historical laws.

     Their classificatory systematics proves to be decisive also in cultural sciences labelled as subdisciplines of a large field of ideography, culturology or macroideology. Their treatment in this theoretical manifesto is supported by statistic measurements that mapped the dynamic growth of the literary, religious, philosophical and scientific development and covered the history of several ancient and modern European literatures. The recurrent patterns of literary styles, philosophical trends, religious doctrines and political theories display high degrees of structural regularity and allow us to re-classify the basic units and elementary categories in most social, political, cultural and literary sciences. Essential in trends is that what is perpetually repeated   and comes back in regular cultural cycles. Macroideology sheds light of theoretical elkucidation on the history of philosophy, arts, literature and religion but its inner dynamic peristaltic can be understood fully only when espoused to macrosociology and projected on the background of the social development as a whole.

 

The full version of Ad reformandum universitatem may be read as a pdf-file on an Acrobat browser.

 

 

The Post-modern Crisis of Humanities and Goals of their Recovery. Prague 2004, 30 tables, ISBN 80-86580-11-3.

    This publication is a theoretical analysis of postmodernist cultural thought and the upsurge of pseudoscientific irrationalism in modern humanities. It describes the deep methodological crisis of humanities as a result of a regressive development started by W. Dilthey’s Geisteswissenschaften, continued after the war in a more secular way by Soviet humanities, and completed by J. Derrida’s ‘deconstructed metaphysics’ announcing the coming of the Post-Modern Age. N. Berdyayev and C. Thurrow greeted this backward cultural process as a new revival of the Middle Age, while others speak about a return to Crusaders’ expeditions (Gwynne Dyer) and a new era of Romance Decadence  (M. C. Putna). The awakening of a sense of military adventures reminds them of New Feudalism (J. Keller) and a period of ‘new colonialism’ (W. Pfaff). This development fosters irrational tendencies in scientific thought and leads to the restoration of New Scholastics as a set of stale traditional dogmatic approaches to the issues of science.

     The growth of science in the Modern and the Post-Modern Age was interrupted by a period of Soviet Cultural Traditionalism that in no way overcame the crisis, it did not uproot the Neo-Thomist revival of hagiography and exegetics only conserved it them the dogmatic cult of national classics (Puškin, Jirásek) in a more secular form. The huge revival of the Western Catholic Integralism (Maurras, Barrès, Chesterton, Belloc) and Soviet Cultural Traditionalism (M. Lifshitz, Z. Nejedlý, L. Štoll) had a close parallel in the Third World and Islamic revivalism. Nietzsche, Heidegger and Derrida as three prophets of ‘deconstructed metaphysics’ have offered a secular alternative to religious scholastics. However, the secular tinge did not diminish the ferocity of western fundamentalism, its irrational attacks against science and humanism are not less severe than in Islamic theocratic regimes. 

    The publication shows the growth of modern philosophical and scientific thought on long-term historical diagram and reveals their cultural periodicity in history. It approaches postmodernist ideas critically as an impartial observer and represents them on the wide background of similar revivals of scholastics and metaphysics in the past. It outlines a general theory of esoteric, occult and paranormal sciences as a process of ‘Pythagoreisation’ turning scientific schools into religious sects. As societies with high criminality adopt ‘grey’, shadowy’, ‘dark’, ‘black’ and ‘brown economy’ so they necessarily adopt also ‘grey’, shadowy’, ‘dark’, ‘black’ and ‘brown science’ that serves commercial purposes and provides false deceptive solutions. As societies recover from cultural crises they overcome criminality by strict laws and manage to heal their system of education and academic studies. 

 

The full version of The Post-modern Crisis of Humanities and Goals of their Recovery may be read as a pdf-file on an Acrobat browser.